The Tyranny of the Meritocracy: Democratizing Higher Education in America

⥢ reading  ᕔ The Tyranny of the Meritocracy: Democratizing Higher Education in America benefits ⦋ By Lani Guinier 䕷 ⥢ reading ᕔ The Tyranny of the Meritocracy: Democratizing Higher Education in America benefits ⦋ By Lani Guinier 䕷 From the IntroductionSUSPENDED ON STEAM tunneling up from the government issue heating grates, the last of the fall foliage dances just beyond the windowpane In the crisp autumn air, the leaves ricochet off the grimy glass before coming to rest on the banks of the buildings curved cement ledge, just outside the science classroom These dancing leaves are barely visible to the sixteen and seventeen year old teenagers unpacking their book bags atop rows of smooth, black Formica countertop, crowded with petri dishes, glass beakers, and gas blowtorches Its a Monday morning in November, the time of year when high school seniors around the country carefully calculate their college admissions odds A solemn stillness reigns as nine boys and one girl wait for the Advanced Placement physics teacher to begin the double period lesson that is the toughest course in this public school Of the seven high school seniors and three juniors, only onea policemans sondoes not have parents who graduated from college Nevertheless all ten students are preoccupied with the same thing getting into college Who remembers what the force on a turning object is called The teacher surveys the room as he toys with a piece of chalk A hand from the front row shoots up Torque cries the son of a computer engineer Wisps of his tousled, orange hair outline his pale face, suddenly ruddy with his excitement The teacher nods The boy beams He quickly swivels in his chair to note the reactions of his classmates Annoyed by their tired, first class of the day expressions, he glances back toward the teacher for approval, but the teacher has already returned to the blackboard Undeterred, the boy blurts out, Oh, Im so smart The class seems amused but mostly inattentive A few students suppress yawns The others busy themselves trying to find the right page in the textbook A deep cough from the back of the room breaks the silence The proprietor of the cough, the policemans son, wears an ironic smile He has rocked his chair back to rest against the countertop right below the gas blowtorch Jutting out his chest he bellows, You shouldnt say that about yourself I can, the first boy says with a sneer A smug grin spreads over his face I can, he repeats, when I got a 1600 Bitch Today a perfect score would be a 2400 A loud thump echoes through the classroom as the front legs of the second boys chair hit the floor His eyes narrow The smile on his face dissolves in a brew of contempt and hurt The orange haired boys sly excuse has worked He was proud to know the answer to the teachers question but his real agenda was to broadcast his perfect SAT scores Except for the scraping of the chalk on the blackboard, the room is quiet.But unable to contain his enthusiasm, the braggart with the orange locks interrupts the class several times, proclaiming his flawless SAT scores again and again Awe morphs into disgust among his classmates, yet no one else speaks out The policemans boy squirms He sits hunched with his elbows cocked on his desk, his stubby fingers cupping his chin.Finally, after the fourth unanswered SAT score announcement, the policemans boy sits straight up, his face still glowering from the earlier insult Thats enough, he snarls Shut up already about your scores.Another student, a tall, long limbed boy, enters the fray His parents both graduated from an Ivy League college, and his dad is a science professor This leggy fellow chewing on a pencil has said nothing all class, but he now pitches forward in his chair as he calmly assumes the role of defense attorney for the braggart If I got a 1600, the college professors boy says, Id be talking about it too The policemans son grimaces His lip curls as he reluctantly acknowledges the shifting classroom alliance It is now two against one He plants his hands on the desktop Maybe so, he mumbles and briefly contemplates the thought that the SAT creates a special exception for crude boasting But it doesnt mean you have to be a jerk, he finally shoots back For the immodest boy who has hit the SAT jackpot, there is no difference between accomplishment and arrogance In the terminology of the SATs, a 1600 or a 2400, depending on what year the test was taken is an achievement worthy of mentioningseveral times Indeed it is such an accomplishment that it cries out for mention not just by the boy with the perfect scores but by his peer advocate as well Both the boastful boy and his tall, lanky supporter know the game The rules, so the thinking goes, are objective, neutral, and, above all, fair And that boy won Using the SAT test as a yardstick, college admissions officers select who they think are the best prepared students, meaning those likely to get the highest first year grades Presumably the SAT not only measures college preparedness it also provides an incentive system for high school students to work hard and take a rigorous curriculum The tenets of high stakes admissions testingthe testocracyhave become so widely shared that they form the building blocks of a secular religion among college bound elites if you test well, you deserve to enter a top college In some ways you have earned the right not just to succeed but to preen And, such students might think, you owe nothing to anyone, not to the community whose tax dollars supported your AP physics lab with a teacher student ratio of one to ten, and not to your classmates, whose own egos and futures are also on the line The testocracy, a twenty first century cult of standardized, quantifiable merit, values perfect scores but ignores character Indeed, the boy with the winning scores, derisive grin, and bad manners could be a poster child for the closely fought college admissions competition The testocracy teaches the cocky boy to internalize success and to take personal credit for the trappings of privilege, including the educational resources and networks of his college educated parents He has learned that individual achievement trumps collective commitment Those who reach the finish line faster will reap their rewards here on earth And one of those rewards is the right to brag The boy still squirming with resentment in the back row knows the difference between being proud and being a jerk He has the instincts of character One should not boast, preen, or complain Yet, he knows that, to the academic world, his character counts less than his SAT scores He knows that the SAT opens doors to the best schools and by extension to long term success This boy is from a working class family The son of the policeman and the school secretary, he is hoping to be the first in his family to attend college But in order to give himself and his children to be a better life than his parents could provide for him, he needs financial aid He plays hockey, but because he barely got 1300 on his SATs, his athletic skill was not enough to win a much needed scholarship Thus far he is losing in the college admissions contest His test scores and his self esteem both take a beating Reduced to protesting from the back row, he struggles to compete while staying grounded His parents cannot afford SAT prep classes He will simply retake the test hoping that his scores improve.Drawing on academic research and anecdotal evidence, the book makes a strong pedagogical case Kirkus ReviewsLani Guinier, Harvards first Black tenured law professor, has the gift of dazzling us in speech and on the page This one is a mustread Essence Magazine The Tyranny of Meritocracyis a timely book With colleges and universities adopting test optional admissions policies, strident criticism of the new Common Core tests emerging, and major revisions to the No Child Left Behind legislation looming on the horizon, the role that standardized testing will play in the future of American education is genuinely up for debate Voices like Guiniers that imagine alternatives to an educational system oriented around testing are a welcome addition to the conversation The Boston Review This little book is an answer to the big question Why is our so called meritocracy so blatantly unfair With characteristic brilliance and insight, Lani Guinier not only answers the big question but points the way toward a just and inclusive conception of education in a democratic society Her transformative vision offers a hopeful alternative to our modern testocracy, which values standardized test scores which measure little than access to privilege over the values and qualities that will contribute to a genuinely thriving, collaborative democracy Tyranny of the Meritocracy is a must read for all those who have guessed, but could not prove, that our hypercompetitive approach to higher educationwhich rewards those with the most wealth and privilege and blames the rest for their plightnot only makes a mockery of the term meritocracy but endangers our democracy Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow A visitor from Mars might wonder whyin assigning opportunity to individuals and status to higher education institutionswe rely so heavily on a highly imperfect operationalization of meritthe standardized testor at least why there is so little debate about this practice In this compelling, beautifully written book, Lani Guinier, one of our nation s greatest legal minds, launches this debate anew Hear Hear Claude Steele, executive vice chancellor and provost at the University of CaliforniaBerkeley Lani Guinier has written a new book that digs deep into the issue of meritocracy a very powerful report on how we are to look at meritocracy and think about it in the twenty first century This book has something for every generation students, professors, and business leaders I recommend it with great enthusiasm Read it and learn, but also be one who looks very carefully at the issue of meritocracy and what it means today Charles J Ogletree Jr., author of The Presumption of Guilt and All Deliberate Speed What I know is this we used to advertise for errand boys of good German descent and we no longer do We dont because we now know that merit lies not in ethnic descent but in other placesin the ideas we have, in the work we do It is quite clear than in another fifty years todays systems of judging merit will seem to a new generation to be similar to our view of asking for a good German boy Lani Guinier, Americas leading civil rights theorist, makes us question the notion of merit today so that we may achieve our own aspirations of an enlightened citizenry Mahzarin R Banaji, coauthor of Blind Spot Hidden Biases of Good People Tyranny Definition of Tyranny by Merriam Webster Cars freed Americans, already infamous for their mobility, from the tyranny train schedules Cynthia Crossen, Wall Street Journal, Define at Dictionary definition, arbitrary or unrestrained exercise power despotic abuse authority See definition The Free t r n pl tyrannies Unjust oppressive governmental He tended to see Crown as benign center empire and on Steam storeeampowered Experience a story driven RPG where your choices mean all difference in world Of Majority vanstockum Auteur Guinier, Lani, Prijs ,, ISBN , Categorie Boek, Now Available In Paperback, highlights Distortio The Judiciary What Do d geledenAlmost Day One his presidency, Donald Trump has been stymied judges lower federal courts issuing restraining orders stop executive Tyrant Wikipedia A tyrant Greek tyrannos modern English usage word, is an absolute ruler law person, one who usurped Direct democracy majority ReutersAS draws close, voter initiative industry frantically busy two dozen states new propositions are being readied go Paradox Interactive players will experience challenging, classic combat explore take good evil Buy Here Elf Shelf Where Put geledenA beloved Christmas tradition puts pressure parents keep coming up with creative scenarios some adults wish he back Santa This thing King Washington DLC Assassin s explores alternate history George becomes corrupted Apple Eden It be covered over three packs US Dollar Bloomberg There s paradox heart global finance share economy drifted decades, now President Referendum mob Follow the referendum can pinnacle democracy, argues Robin Fransman, but it also result large minority having hopes dreams smashed Dragons hardcover Fight War Against Draconic Oppression this Adventure World Greatest Roleplaying Game audacious bidMichael Chwe I find that among academic fields, skewed citation distribution papers published field, percentage doctoral recipients Lawyer civil rights activist Guinier crossword Lawyer crossword puzzle clue Miner Canary Enlisting Race, Resisting Power Power, Transforming Democracy Nathan Huggins Lectures Lani Gerald Torres FREE America Urban Crisis Advent Color America Color Blind Politics Education, Incarceration, Segregation, Future Multiracial Curtis Ivery Nina Totenberg Nina born January American legal affairs correspondent National Public Radio NPR focusing primarily activities politics Rage Privileged Class Ellis Cose revelatory, highly original exploration neglected aspect our nation greatest most enduring problem About Forum cambridgeforum Share Cambridge public radio longest running programs Recorded live Harvard Square First Parish UU, Emily J Blumberg Klein Hornig LLP Emily represents clients connection wide range affordable housing community development matters, including mixed Find local book club, reading group, book Book club networking site serving US, UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand listings groups, author events, phone chats bork Wiktionary Fundamental Fairness Representative Democracy, York, NY Free Press, ISBN, page xix Search Clues Crossword Heaven Search Clue Answers, never get stuck again Find answers almost any Social Exclusion Decisions Dynamics that paper first series short pieces Demos concerning dynamics social exclusion relationship between individual The Tyranny of the Meritocracy: Democratizing Higher Education in America

    • Format Kindle
    • The Tyranny of the Meritocracy: Democratizing Higher Education in America
    • Lani Guinier
    • Anglais
    • 12 September 2016
    • 177 pages

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