The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil

ಯ Uses of text ᗠ The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil  ಽ Ebook By Philip Zimbardo ೨ ಯ Uses of text ᗠ The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil ಽ Ebook By Philip Zimbardo ೨ CHAPTER ONE The Psychology of Evil Situated Character Transformations The mind is its own place, and in itself can make a heaven of hell, a hell of heaven John Milton, Paradise Lost Look at this remarkable image for a moment Now close your eyes and conjure it in your memory Does your minds eye see the many white angels dancing about the dark heavens Or do you see the many black demons, horned devils inhabiting the bright white space of Hell In this illusion by the artist M C Escher, both perspectives are equally possible Once aware of the congruence between good and evil, you cannot see only one and not the other In what follows, l will not allow you to drift back to the comfortable separation of Your Good and Faultless Side from Their Evil and Wicked Side Am I capable of evil is the question that I want you to consider over and over again as we journey together to alien environments Three psychological truths emerge from Eschers image First, the world is filled with both good and evilwas, is, will always be Second, the barrier between good and evil is permeable and nebulous And third, it is possible for angels to become devils and, perhaps difficult to conceive, for devils to become angels Perhaps this image reminds you of the ultimate transformation of good into evil, the metamorphosis of Lucifer into Satan Lucifer, the light bearer, was Gods favorite angel until he challenged Gods authority and was cast into Hell along with his band of fallen angels Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven, boasts Satan, the adversary of God in Miltons Paradise Lost In Hell, Lucifer Satan becomes a liar, an empty imposter who uses boasts, spears, trumpets, and banners, as some national leaders do today At the Demonic Conference in Hell of all the major demons, Satan is assured that he cannot regain Heaven in any direct confrontation.1 However, Satans statesman, Beelzebub, comes up with the most evil of solutions in proposing to avenge themselves against God by corrupting Gods greatest creation, humankind Though Satan succeeds in tempting Adam and Eve to disobey God and be led into evil, God decrees that they will in time be saved However, for the rest of time, Satan will be allowed to slither around that injunction, enlisting witches to tempt people to evil Satans intermediaries would thereafter become the target of zealous inquisitors who want to rid the world of evil, but their horrific methods would breed a new form of systemic evil the world had never before known Lucifers sin is what thinkers in the Middle Ages called cupiditas 1 For Dante, the sins that spring from that root are the most extreme sins of the wolf, the spiritual condition of having an inner black hole so deep within oneself that no amount of power or money can ever fill it For those suffering the mortal malady called cupiditas, whatever exists outside of ones self has worth only as it can be exploited by, or taken into ones self In Dantes Hell those guilty of that sin are in the ninth circle, frozen in the Lake of Ice Having cared for nothing but self in life, they are encased in icy Self for eternity By making people focus only on oneself in this way, Satan and his followers turn their eyes away from the harmony of love that unites all living creatures The sins of the wolf cause a human being to turn away from grace and to make self his only goodand also his prison In the ninth circle of the Inferno, the sinners, possessed of the spirit of the insatiable wolf, are frozen in a self imposed prison where prisoner and guard are fused in an egocentric reality In her scholarly search for the origins of Satan, the historian Elaine Pagels offers a provocative thesis on the psychological significance of Satan as humanitys mirror What fascinates us about Satan is the way he expresses qualities that go beyond what we ordinarily recognize as human Satan evokes than the greed, envy, lust, and anger we identify with our own worst impulses, and than what we call brutality, which imputes to human beings a resemblance to animals brutes Evil, then, at its worst, seems to involve the supernaturalwhat we recognize, with a shudder, as the diabolic inverse of Martin Bubers characterization of God as wholly other We fear evil, but are fascinated by it We create myths of evil conspiracies and come to believe them enough to mobilize forces against them We reject the Other as different and dangerous because its unknown, yet we are thrilled by contemplating sexual excess and violations of moral codes by those who are not our kind Professor of religious studies David Frankfurter concludes his search for Evil Incarnate by focusing on the social construction of this evil other T he construction of the social Other as cannibal savage, demon, sorcerer, vampire, or an amalgam of them all, draws upon a consistent repertoire of symbols of inversion The stories we tell about people out on the periphery play with their savagery, libertine customs, and monstrosity At the same time, the combined horror and pleasure we derive from contemplating this Othernesssentiments that influenced the brutality of colonists, missionaries, and armies entering the lands of those Otherscertainly affect us at the level of individual fantasy, as well TRANSFORMATIONS ANGELS, DEVILS, AND THE REST OF US MERE MORTALS The Lucifer Effect is my attempt to understand the processes of transformation at work when good or ordinary people do bad or evil things We will deal with the fundamental question What makes people go wrong But instead of resorting to a traditional religious dualism of good versus evil, of wholesome nature versus corrupting nurture, we will look at real people engaged in lifes daily tasks, enmeshed in doing their jobs, surviving within an often turbulent crucible of human nature We will seek to understand the nature of their character transformations when they are faced with powerful situational forces Lets begin with a definition of evil Mine is a simple, psychologically based one Evil consists in intentionally behaving in ways that harm, abuse, demean, dehumanize, or destroy innocent othersor using ones authority and systemic power to encourage or permit others to do so on your behalf In short, it is knowing better but doing worse What makes human behavior work What determines human thought and action What makes some of us lead moral, righteous lives, while others seem to slip easily into immorality and crime Is what we think about human nature based on the assumption that inner determinants guide us up the good paths or down the bad ones Do we give insufficient attention to the outer determinants of our thoughts, feelings, and actions To what extent are we creatures of the situation, of the moment, of the mob And is there anything that anyone has ever done that you are absolutely certain you could never be compelled to do Most of us hide behind egocentric biases that generate the illusion that we are special These self serving protective shields allow us to believe that each of us is above average on any test of self integrity Too often we look to the stars through the thick lens of personal invulnerability when we should also look down to the slippery slope beneath our feet Such egocentric biases are commonly found in societies that foster independent orientations, such as Euro American cultures, and less so in collectivist oriented societies, such as in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East In the course of our voyage through good and evil, I will ask you to reflect upon three issues How well do you really know yourself, your strengths and weaknesses Does your self knowledge come from reviewing your behavior in familiar situations or from being exposed to totally new settings where your old habits are challenged In the same vein, how well do you really know the people with whom you interact daily your family, friends, co workers, and lover One thesis of this book is that most of us know ourselves only from our limited experiences in familiar situations that involve rules, laws, policies, and pressures that constrain us We go to school, to work, on vacation, to parties we pay the bills and the taxes, day in and year out But what happens when we are exposed to totally new and unfamiliar settings where our habits dont suffice You start a new job, go on your first computer matched date, join a fraternity, get arrested, enlist in the military, join a cult, or volunteer for an experiment The old you might not work as expected when the ground rules change Throughout our journey I would like you to continually ask the Me also question as we encounter various forms of evil We will examine genocide in Rwanda, the mass suicide and murder of Peoples Temple followers in the jungles of Guyana, the My Lai massacre in Vietnam, the horrors of Nazi concentration camps, the torture by military and civilian police around the world, and the sexual abuse of parishioners by Catholic priests, and search for lines of continuity between the scandalous, fraudulent behavior of executives at Enron and WorldCom corporations Finally, we will see how some common threads in all these evils run through the recently uncovered abuses of civilian prisoners at Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq One especially significant thread tying these atrocities together will come out of a body of research in experimental social psychology, particularly a study that has come to be known as the Stanford Prison Experiment. The Lucifer Effect will change forever the way you think about why we behave the way we doand, in particular, about the human potential for evil This is a disturbing book, but one that has never been necessary.Malcolm Gladwell An important book All politicians and social commentators should read this The Times London Powerful an extraordinarily valuable addition to the literature of the psychology of violence or evil The American Prospect Penetrating .Combining a dense but readable and often engrossing exposition of social psychology research with an impassioned moral seriousness, Zimbardo challenges readers to look beyond glib denunciations of evil doers and ponder our collective responsibility for the worlds ills Publishers Weekly A sprawling discussion .With this book, Zimbardo couples a thorough narrative of the Stanford Prison Experiment with an analysis of the social dynamics of the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, arguing that the experimental dehumanization of the former is instructive in understanding the abusive conduct of guards at the latter Booklist In the Stanford Prison Experiment, Philip Zimbardo bottled evil in a laboratory.The lessons he learned show us our dark nature but also fill us with hope if we heed their counsel The Lucifer Effect reads like a novel.Anthony Pratkanis, Ph.D., professor emeritus of psychology, University of California From the Hardcover edition. The Lucifer Effect Understanding How Good The Good People Turn Evil Philip Zimbardo on FREE shipping qualifying offers definitive firsthand account of Lucifer toneelstuk Wikipedia Het is een in de hemel gesitueerd treurspel van Joost den Vondel, geschreven tot en premire gegaan op februari Stanford Prison Experiment raises a fundamental question about the nature human it possible for ordinary, average, even good people to become perpetrators Super wiki was once God s first favor, loving him best all his sons, than Michael, having been entrusted with Mark keep Darkness imprisoned Megami Tensei Wiki FANDOM powered , Rushif demon series Hebrew Helel prominent figure various religions, most Homepage Professor G Zimbardo Read Dr New Books Time Paradox Psychology That Will Change Your Life and lj u f r LEW si name that, according dictionaries English language, refers either Devil or planet Venus DC Comics Samael Morningstar fictional character appearing primarily as supporting comic book Sandman title Supernatural powered by Lucifer, also known Devil, Light Bringer, Morning Star, Satan, second four Archangels created by favorite son He knows how easy nice turn bad In this talk, he shares insights graphic unseen photos from Abu Ghraib trials Then talksPhilip George z m b d o born March an American psychologist professor emeritus at University became Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia ur marca ameryka ski psycholog pochodzenia w oskiego, od profesor Uniwersytetu Stanforda Obecnie na emeryturze Over psychology links wide variety topics Definitely worth visit evil TED Talk talks Stanford Experiment A Film Kyle Patrick Alvarez Quiet Rage Documentary York Times Best Seller time Psychologist says happiness success are rooted trait us disregard way we orient toward past, present future suggests internationally recognized voice face contemporary through widely viewed PBS TV series, Discovering Psychology, prison experiment goals archived official website describes goal follows We wanted see what psychological Time Welcome Paradox, new John Boyd not single paradox but paradoxes that shape our lives Response Recent Criticisms WORTH READING debunks critics presenting video written evidence study validity The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil

    • Format Kindle
    • 0812974441
    • The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil
    • Philip Zimbardo
    • Anglais
    • 17 April 2017
    • 576 pages

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *