The Untold History of the United States, Volume 1: Young Readers Edition, 1898-1945 (English Edition)

ῲ [PDF]- Read ⇂ The Untold History of the United States, Volume 1: Young Readers Edition, 1898-1945 (English Edition)  ῶ Author Oliver Stone ‡ ῲ [PDF]- Read ⇂ The Untold History of the United States, Volume 1: Young Readers Edition, 1898-1945 (English Edition) ῶ Author Oliver Stone ‡ Untold History of the United States, Volume 1 1 Writing History with Lightning The Birth of a Nation It was 1915, and chairs lined the long Central Hall on the second floor of the White House The drapes were drawn, the gaslights turned down A film projector clicked and whirred, its beam of light focused on the far wall like the great eye of a cyclops President Woodrow Wilson, the twenty eighth president of the United States, and his cabinet members and their families had gathered together to watch the first movie ever shown in the White House The movie was called The Birth of a Nation It was directed by D W Griffith The three hour long movie was a black and white silent film it had no spoken dialogue Actors used gestures and pantomime to convey what they wanted to say During key moments, title cards summarized the action In short, The Birth of a Nation was a story told without words Woodrow Wilson and the rest of the moviegoers that night didnt need words They knew the setting, the characters, and the plot They knew the good guysand the villains The movie was based on a popular book called The Clansman An Historical Romance of the Ku Klux Klan, a novel written by a Southern white Baptist minister named Thomas Dixon Jr Using the worst racial stereotypes, Dixon tells a story that encompasses the antebellum South, the Civil War, Lincolns assassination, Reconstruction, and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan The heroic Klansmen gallop in to rescue helpless white Southern women from the clutches of lustful black men Dixon claimed that his novel was the true story of the Ku Klux Klan conspiracy that overturned the Reconstruction government But it was the exact opposite of the truth, and the president of the United States was screening it in the nations capital Movie poster for The Birth of a Nation The Facts of Reconstruction and the Ku Klux Klan The actual record of Reconstruction and the Ku Klux Klan reveals a different story The Ku Klux Klan formed in Tennessee in 1866, one year after the Civil War ended Soon Klan groups spread across the South Its members committed themselves to the use of physical violence in order to maintain white supremacy and violate the civil rights of others The Klan attackedand killedblack Americans who dared to speak out and who exercised their right to earn a living, buy land, attend school, worship as they pleased, and vote a right granted to black men nationwide in 1870 by the Fifteenth Amendment They attacked and killed white Americans who supported the rights of black Americans and who didnt vote the way the Klan wanted The Klans first wave of violence swept over the South from 1866 through 1871 That year, the federal government sent troops to arrest Klansmen and restore peace For eight months, a joint committee of US senators and representatives investigated They gathered testimonies, held trials, and handed down sentences Two members of the Ku Klux Klan in their disguises.But it was too little too late Most of the arrested Klansmen paid small fines and received minimal sentences Many received suspended sentences and a warning Often charges were simply dropped Some Klansmen went into hiding or fled to avoid punishment Many were pardoned By 1872, the federal government succeeded in breaking up the Klan, but it couldnt dissolve white supremacists commitment to control elections and the lives of African Americans That commitment led to the resurgence of the Klan in the 1920s in reaction to foreign immigration, and again in 1960 as a reaction to the civil rights movement Dixons novel and D W Griffiths movie adaptation of it ignored the brutal realities of the Ku Klux Klan Instead, the Klansmen were portrayed as noble white robed knights who reluctantly took the law into their own hands in order to rescue white Southerners, especially helpless white women, from racial violence and what whites termed Negro rule This view of history is false Southern white women were not helpless They showed physical and emotional strength as they worked and managed businesses and farms while their husbands, fathers, and sons fought in the war Negro rule, or the notion that the newly freed and enfranchised black Americans would dominate and rule over white Americans, was true only in the wild imaginations of fearful whitesand perhaps in the wistful imaginations of black Americans who yearned to fundamentally upset American racial hierarchy The Birth of a Nation premiered in Los Angeles and opened to a packed house at New Yorks Liberty Theater on March 3, 1915 Soon the popular film opened in theaters across the country African Americans who attended the movie deplored the ugly portrayal of the freed peoplethose who could have very well been their parents or grandparentsas lawless, ignorant, amoral, lecherous, and violent characters The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP protested the movie vociferously It cataloged the films numerous falsehoods and attempted to educate the public about the dire circumstance blacks faced in the postCivil War South Despite the protests and educational campaignsand despite the blatant disregard for the historical recordthe film became a phenomenal box office hit In 1915, the film inspired a group of white Southern men to climb to the top of Stone Mountain in Georgia and burn a cross With this cross burning, the Ku Klux Klan, disbanded since 1872, rose again The Klan used the movie to launch a recruiting campaign Soon the group spread throughout the United States, and membership exploded to than five million The second wave of Klansmen renewed the fight to maintain white supremacy throughout the United States They portrayed themselves as a pro Christian, pro American brotherhood They added Catholics, Jews, immigrants, liberals, welfare recipients, and labor unions to their list of hated targets That same year, 1915, fifty six blacks and thirteen whites were lynched Five were women The Embellished History Woodrow Wilson sat in the darkened Central Hall, watching the closing scenes of The Birth of a Nation In these scenes, Ku Klux Klan members ride in on their horses to rescue a poor white family from corrupt federal soldiers The Klansmen take guns away from the freedmen and intimidate black voters at the polls In this way, the Klansmen believe they have restored peace to South Carolina The movies final title card appears Liberty and union, one and inseparable, now and forever After the final credits, the film projector whirred and clicked to the end of the reel Someone must have asked the president what he thought about the movie, because an enthusiastic Wilson reportedly said, It is like writing history with Lightning and my only regret is that it is all so terribly true Except it wasnt It was all so terribly untrue How did such a movie, one filled with so much misinformation disguised as fact, make its way to the White House And, perhaps disturbing, why did the president of the United States, a man with a PhD from Johns Hopkins University who went on to become president of Princeton University, accept the films version of history so easily President Wilson screened The Birth of a Nation as a personal favor to his close friend Thomas Dixon Jr The president was also a historian who wrote many works, including the five volume A History of the American People, published in 1902, and The New Freedom A Call for the Emancipation of the Generous Energies of a People, published in 1913 This latter work, The New Freedom, served as a cornerstone to his presidential campaign There is little doubt that the story told in The Birth of a Nation appealed to Woodrow Wilson, given his strong Southern heritage The son of a Presbyterian minister, Wilson was born in Virginia in 1856 and was raised in Georgia and South Carolina He was old enough to appreciate the horrors of a war that left at least 750,000 soldiers dead on both sides and one million wounded Like his Southern forebears, Wilson grew up to regret the wars outcome and the radical changes it broughtnamely, the freedmens right to vote and receive equal protections under the law During his presidential campaign, Wilson pledged to support justice for black Americans Should I become President of the United States they may count upon me for absolute fair dealing for everything by which I could assist in advancing the interests of their race To many African Americans, Wilson betrayed that promise after his inauguration when, in line with Jim Crow laws that had separated blacks from whites since 1876, he too encouraged the separation of races Although federal agencies were not segregated and black and white employees had worked side by side in the same offices for than fifty years, Wilson permitted the offices of the Postmaster General, the Treasury, and the US Navy to separate black workers from white workers The cafeterias and restrooms were segregated too All federal job applicants had to submit photographs so that it would be easier to tell each applicants race Angry at the obvious discrimination, African American leaders pressed Wilson to end discrimination based on a persons color Wilson responded, It is as far as possible from being a movement against the negroes I sincerely believe it to be in their interest S egregation is not humiliating but a benefit, and ought to be regarded so by you gentlemen Both the novel The Clansman and the movie The Birth of a Nation distorted the history of race relations and reshaped it into a story that many people, including Wilson, believed Ultimately, Wilsons belief in white supremacy may have influenced his domestic policies Wilson, his supporters, and many other white Americans believed The Birth of a Nation because it felt true to them History is storytelling Usually, its the winners who get to write it In this case, even though the South lost the Civil War, Southerners had a big say in the history that was taught in the United States over the past 150 years And that history has so often served to empower whites and disenfranchise black Americans.STARRED REVIEW The darker side of the American Century, recast for younger audiences the authors also point to other turning points and near misses that are rarely if ever part of standard school curricula Kirkus Reviews This book contains mind blowing information, insightful analysis, and revisionist theorizing than all of my other 2014 favorites put together I see Americas history far differently after reading this volume, the first of four there are places where grownups prefer that students avoid reading anything that could be construed as questioning the greatness and moral authority of the United States But for those of us who want to be enlightened and enlighten others, this is a must have Richie Partington Richie s Picks The Untold History of the United States Wikipedia The also known as Oliver Stone s is a documentary series created, directed, produced States DVD From Academy Award winning writer director Stone, this ten part looks back at human events that Oliver This offers an alternative take on modern American history, focusing underreported shaped nation character Watch Untold Descendant Sun Collector s Edition for iPad, iPhone, Android, Mac PC Confront ancient evil and uncover your true After startling Peter Kuznick, Berkrot FREE shipping qualifying At last world knows Oliver William born September , filmmaker won Best Adapted Screenplay Midnight Experience Official Oliver site with latest news blog posts, well biography, detailed filmography, articles, books screenplays IMDb Producer JFK has become master controversial subjects legendary film maker His films are filled variety New York, settembre un regista, sceneggiatore, produttore cinematografico e attore statunitense Ha diretto oltre venti pellicole Wikipdia dbute rellement en tant que scnariste il crira outre durant sa carrire tous les scnarios de ses uvres mis U Turn Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Nueva septiembre es director, guionista y productor cine estadounidense gan Premio scar al Mejor guion wolna encyklopedia ur wrze nia w Nowym Jorku ameryka ski re yser filmowy, scenarzysta i producent Zdobywca trzech Oscarw Jest synem yda Biography, Movies, Facts screenwriter, producer his ambitious often movies William dit AlloCin est Ralisateur, Scnariste, Acteur amricain Dcouvrez biographie, le dtail ans et toute son actualit JFK political thriller directed by It examines leading to assassination John F Kennedy alleged cover up Melissa Gilbert Accuses Of Sexual Melissa claimed sexually harassed her during audition Doors Filmographie Quelle filmographie sries De dbuts jusqu projets venir The Untold History of the United States, Volume 1: Young Readers Edition, 1898-1945 (English Edition)

    • Format Kindle
    • The Untold History of the United States, Volume 1: Young Readers Edition, 1898-1945 (English Edition)
    • Oliver Stone
    • Anglais
    • 06 September 2017
    • 400 pages

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