The Oregon Trail: A New American Journey (English Edition)

镰 Popular online The Oregon Trail: A New American Journey (English Edition) torent ҋ ePUB By Rinker Buck ऋ 镰 Popular online The Oregon Trail: A New American Journey (English Edition) torent ҋ ePUB By Rinker Buck ऋ The Oregon Trail 1 I HAD KNOWN LONG BEFORE I rode a covered wagon to Oregon that navet was the mother of adventure I just didnt understand how much of that I really had Nicholas and I realized before we left Missouri with the mules that we would be the first wagon travelers in than a century to make an authentic crossing of the Oregon Trail But that was never the point for us We pushed mules almost two thousand miles to learn something important Even beautiful than the land that we passed, or the months spent camping on the plains, was learning to live with uncertainty The trip was my idea, and I fell into it in my usual barmy way A few summers ago, while taking an afternoon off from a story I was working on in the Flint Hills of Kansas, I stopped on the road near a stout granite monument that marked a set of wheel ruts disappearing northwest across the plains JunctionofOregon TrailwithOverland Trail60 Rod S E Enchanted by the idea that I could step from a modern paved road onto the tracks of the nineteenth century pioneersnot to mention walk all the way to OregonI paused just long enough to grab a water bottle and a brimmed hat from my car and set out along the ruts, heading west It was a beautiful, breezy day, with sprays of yellow coreopsis blooming above the grasses and meadowlarks bobbing over the hills The old ruts sloped over several gentle rises, past clumps of cottonwood trees and low shrubs at the watercourses, and handsome timber bridges that crossed two streams The expansiveness of the landscape was hypnotic and physically exhilarating, and after the first mile I felt as if I were levitating on the plains The distant hills of Nebraska seemed to draw my vision hundreds of miles away A few miles up I stopped to admire the view after climbing a steep rise The valley below was one of those dreamy western vistas out of an Albert Bierstadt paintinga U shaped canyon framed on one side by a large stream and on the other by green and brown hills In the middle, a tidy group of shingled rooftops glowed orange in the sun, surrounded by browsing cattle I walked down to the stream, where a sign announced that I had reached the old Hollenberg Ranch and Pony Express station along the Oregon Trail The restored ranch and Pony Express station are maintained by the Kansas State Historical Society, and at the interpretive center there, built near a modern parking lot, I learned about the place Gerat Hollenberg was a German immigrant who had first crossed the Oregon Trail during the 1849 California Gold Rush He made a small fortune in the northern California gold fields, then lost it in a shipwreck off Florida, and was drawn back to Kansas in 1854 by his memories of the beautiful prairie and dreams of founding a business along the busy covered wagon trail he had seen five years before At the time, marginalized American farmers westering for cheap land in the Northwest, religious zealots, and just dreamers in search of adventure were flooding across the Kansas frontier, and in peak years as many as fifty thousand covered wagon immigrants spent the summer crossing the Oregon Trail and its two main tributaries, the California and Mormon trails Entrepreneurs intent on profiting from this traffic were building a network of road ranches along remote stretches of the trail, providing a kind of early log cabin convenience store for the passing wagons Hollenberg selected a site along Cottonwood Creek to attract pioneers who needed to water their draft animals and replenish their drinking barrels at the end of their first week crossing the prairie, and apparently he chose well The trading post and wagon repair shop he built on the plainslater, his wife added an outdoor kitchen and sold hot mealswere quickly heralded in published trail guides as the last major layover until Fort Kearny in Nebraska, two hundred miles away I was intrigued by one display at the interpretive center, lying flat in a glass case It was a facsimile reproduction of a journal entry made in May 1850 by an Oregon Trail pioneer from Indiana, Margaret Frink, describing the scene from the rise above the river that I had just left Today, the Hollenberg Ranch sits on a lonely, deserted spot on the hilly plains, with only the green vastness of the prairie grasses, and the mosaic of yellow and purple flowers climbing the low rises, filling in the view But Frinks 1850 journal entry described a starkly different place, a scene that could only be imagined 157 years later, looking out over the empty hills In the afternoon we came to the junction of the emigrant road from St Joseph with our road Both roads were thickly crowded with emigrants It was a grand spectacle when we came, for the first time, in view of the vast migration, slowly winding its way westward over the broad plain The country was so level we could see the long trains of white topped wagons for many miles It appeared to me that none of the population had been left behind It seemed to me that I had never seen so many human beings before in all my life That was the moment when I first felt the rush of a dream about the Oregon Trail, but the thought quickly passed as I moved on to the other exhibits They were mostly reproductions of paintings of the Kansas hills during the 1840s and 1850s, when dust billowing up from the wagon trains created a haze all the way to the horizon, collections of old wheel hubs and shards of harness unearthed during archeological digs, and a description of the ranchs use as a Pony Express station and stagecoach stop in the 1860s The site administrator from the Kansas Historical Society, an elderly man named Duane Durst, stood behind the counter as I walked through the museum entrance Duane was talkative and obviously lonely, glad to have some company for the afternoon He was a retired farmer and feed mill manager from the nearby town of Washington, Kansas, who had spent most of his life studying the patchwork of nineteenth century feeder trails in eastern Kansas that led to the beginning of the main Oregon Trail nearby This network of roads was called the junction country of Kansas, and in many spots near Dursts farm, the remnants of the old wagon ruts are still visible in unplowed pastures and stream crossings He was exactly the kind of walking database I enjoyed meeting on such a day, and I was quickly drawn in by the details he shared The feeder trails that moved northwest through Kansas and then disappeared beyond the Flint Hills all emptied into the original Platte River Road, as it was initially called, the main fur trapping route to the Rockies that passed through the Arapaho and Sioux tribal lands in western Nebraska in the 1820s and 1830s Renamed the Oregon Trail in the 1840s, the route spanned some 2,100 miles from jumping off towns such as St Joseph and Independence, Missouri, to the Willamette Valley in Oregon, following the great river valleys of the West through five present day statesKansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon Unlike the image projected in Hollywood westerns, where covered wagons are pulled by attractive teams of matched Percheron and Belgian horses, oxen and mules were the preferred draft animals, Duane told me Horses require too much forage and they couldnt take the heat and the long stretches between reliable sources of water Many immigrants were dispatched by shooting accidents and wagon crashes than were killed by Indians, and the river crossings were often treacherous in the spring, costing many pioneers their lives But by the fall, families regrouped At major stopovers like Soda Springs in Idaho, or Farewell Bend in eastern Oregon, the long wagon trains paused while partners widowed by the rivers remarried, and the festivities often lasted for three or four days My curiosity was aroused by another detail that Duane shared Pulling from his wallet a laminated ID card, he told me that he was a twenty five year member of the Oregon California Trails Association, the main preservationist group for the trail Duane described himself as a rut nut, and his commitment to the group was pretty typical Over the past twenty years he had rescued several Oregon Trail markers and monuments that had been overrun by farming and other development, relocating them closer to traveled roads where they could be seen He had helped design and build a visitors center at the Hollenberg Ranch and created Oregon Trail education programs for local schools An Oregon California Trails Association newsletter that Duane gave me described how the groups volunteer work crews fanned out on summer weekends across broad expanses of the West, restoring mile markers along the trail, checking fence lines for land encroachments, and preserving trail grave sites in Wyoming and Nebraska Feelings of inadequacy overwhelmed me as I listened to Duane I am an obsessive compulsive reader and a history junkie I brake by rote at every historical marker, I buy out museum bookstores, and for years my interest in colonial forts and Shaker villages so exhausted my two children that they are now permanently allergic to the past I can tell you, right down to the hour, everything that happened at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, during the first week of July 1863, and each setback that Franklin Roosevelt endured during World War II feels like it happened to me Frequent summer junkets to Montana and Wyoming had convinced me that I knew a lot about the American West But now, on a perfect Kansas day, at an exquisite historical site, I was listening to a rut nut empty his brain on the Oregon Trail, and I realized that I didnt know a thing about it How could I have missed so much about so iconic an American experience And what Duane told me next seemed even astonishing Today, almost the entire 2,100 mile expanse of the Oregon Traileven where it has been covered over by modern highways or railroad trackshas been meticulously charted and marked, with long, undeveloped spaces now preserved as a National Historic Trail Except for two bad stretches of suburban sprawl around Scottsbluff, Nebraska, and Boise, Idaho, most of the rest of the trail is still accessible along remote farm and ranch roads in the West In western Nebraska and central Wyoming, where the trail runs through relatively undisturbed federal lands or immense private ranches, there are still than six hundred miles of original wagon ruts, just like the path I had hiked that day The dreamscape chain of natural landmarks and river views that the pioneers sawSignal Bluff and Chimney Rock along the Platte, Devils Gate on the Sweetwater, Rendezvous Point at the Greenis all still there, virtually intact When Duane began describing the trail, he handed me a foldout map published by the National Park Service, and I followed along as he spoke End to end, the map stretched almost four feet across the counter, depicting an immensity of terrain, almost completely devoid of urban development, from the banks of the Missouri River at Kansas City to the end of the Columbia River gorge near the Pacific coast The colored terrain shadings on the map looked like platters holding a giant smorgasbord of geologyplains, bluffs, high desert, and dramatic river gorgesalong the route west To me, the Oregon Trail had always been just another historic nameplate, like Manassas or Pikes Peak, but now the map in front of me was opening it up like a tableau of the enormous energy of the American experience The visual prompt of the map was irresistible, and I formed a strong mental image as I looked out through the paned windows to the endless plains beyond the groves of cottonwood trees that curled along the floodplain of the Little Blue River In my minds eye, a dusty two track trail curved northwest into the mystery of Nebraska, and then disappeared into the snowcapped rim of Wyomings Medicine Bows The map, the hypnotic Flint Hills rising and falling all around me, the peaceful surroundings of the ranch, seemed an invitation to ramble Who wouldnt, given the chance, want to ride the trail end to end Wanderlust has always acted like amphetamine for me and I could not prevent my head from making the next leap St Joe to Farewell Bend in Oregon in a covered wagon More than two thousand miles of open country to cross What a dream So, in other words, I said to Duane, somebody could still do it The whole trail Duane looked at me quizzically, as if I were asking a question that hed never heard before The modern trail, he explained, mostly existed as a tourist attraction Families driving west in their RVsheaded for Yellowstone or Glacier National Parkstopped out of curiosity when they saw signs identifying Oregon Trail sites Most of them just wanted to quickly read a brochure and then find the next campsite with a cable TV hookup But you could do it, I said The trail is still there In theory, yeah, I suppose, Duane said But it isnt going to happen After poking around the grounds and the Pony Express station for a while, I stepped back inside to say good bye to Duane, and then hiked back east across the rise The words of Margaret Frink had stayed with me, and I stopped at the top to look back It was tempting to look across the hills to Nebraska and imagine long trains of white topped wagons for many miles, with men hollering at teams, whips cracking, and hundreds of wheels raising dust, while outriders galloped through the grasses to flush up game At this time of day the river bottoms all the way to Nebraska would be obscured by gray clouds of smoke, as the pioneers stopped their trains for the night and cooked deer steaks and prairie chickens for their evening meal But the plains were quiet now, the air crystalline The cedar roofs of the Hollenberg Ranch, lit pink and amber by the falling sun, were all that I could see It was almost dark by the time I got back to my car Dusk is my favorite part of the day, a time for expansive thoughts, and as I drove south my mind wandered back over the ruts and the vision of a journey that I had seen on a map at the Hollenberg Ranch I dreamed about it all the way back to Topeka Buy a team of mules and a covered wagon, jump off from St Joe, and then spend an endless summer rusticating way out there, revived all day by the clangor of harness chains, the scent of mules sweating, and the vast soulful horizons of the West I would camp at night at old pioneer stops and Pony Express corrals, soothed by the rushing waters as I fell asleep beside the Sweetwater or the Platte It was a completely lunatic notion Except for the occasional faux reenactments staged for tourists by Wyoming outfittersmodern day pioneers are trailed by convoys of sumptuously appointed RVs, and pampered at night with portable showers and catered mealsno one traveled than sixty or seventy miles of the trail today I would later read, in a history of the trail years and the subsequent homesteading period in the late nineteenth century, that the last documented crossing of the trail occurred in 1909 Just to reach my rendezvous with dementia out along the banks of the Missouri River, I would spend two or three days driving west from my home in New England with my gear loaded into a pickup Then I would spend four months, via covered wagon and mules, crossing what nineteenth century travelers called the Great American Desert Across the high deserts of central Wyoming and Idaho, I would have to cover stretches of forty miles or without water And why did I think that the notorious and often fatal obstacles that the pioneers facedmountain passes strewn with lava rock, hellacious winds and dust storms, rattlesnakes, and descents so steep that the wagons could only be lowered by ropeswould miraculously vanish from the trail for me Only a delusional jackass, or someone seriously off his medications, would pull off the road at the Hollenberg Ranch one fine summer afternoon and concoct such a preposterous scheme But you cant save an addictive dreamer from himself, and that jackass happens to be me Already, powerful forces were drawing me west I felt an irresistible urge to forsake my life back east for a rapturous journey across the plains The contagion of rogue travel started early with me I was raised during the 1950s and early 1960s on a ramshackle old horse farm in New Jersey My father, a magazine publisher in New York City, was boundlessly energetic and inventive, devoted to what he considered the pressing entertainment needs of his eleven children While the rest of the country raged over Pontiac tailfins or played golf, we chased around the menagerie that my father had slapped together from a nineteenth century dairybarns converted to horse stables, chicken houses and goat pens, a collection of than twenty five antique carriages and wagons, and a large stone patio and picnic area set under giant shade maples, where my father entertained the lovable drunks from his local chapter of Alcoholics Anonymous We drove to church every Sunday in a four seat surrey pulled by a team of matched bays, and sleighed into the toy store in town in December to pick up our Christmas presents On lazy summer nights, my father loved nothing than loading his children and all of our neighborhood friendsthere could be twenty kids or into the dilapidated yellow school bus that he had purchased at a junkyard for such outings Then we drove down to the Dairy Queen in Bernardsville and gorged on ice cream sundaes Over the winter of 1958, brooding in front of his fireplace one night, my father announced that he was bored with the school bus As a family, he thought, we needed an experience that would draw us together, something that would engender in us the spirit of the American pioneers I dont have any idea where this notion came from But the top rated American television show that year was NBCs Wagon Train, starring Ward Bond, and we were all fans We didnt consider it outlandish when my father told us that, for our summer vacation, we were going on a covered wagon trip to Pennsylvania It would be a combined camping and coaching expedition, with stops along the way at historic sites like Valley Forge and Gettysburg that my father wanted his children to see My father had a knack for making the complex seem simple, and we were relaxed about our preparations for the trip One January weekend that year we drove down to the Pennsylvania Dutch country in Lancaster County and made arrangements with our regular Mennonite wagon builder, Jonas Reif, to convert a large farm wagon with hoops and a canvas top We bought our draft horses, a team of Percheron Morgan crosses named Benny and Betty, from Jonass son in law, Ivan Martin My father, my older brother, and I spent a few delightful Saturday afternoons that spring banging around the barn with rusty hammers and saws, modifying our rig with racks for cooking pots and pans, hooks for water buckets, and a drop down chuck wagon table for cooking meals My father was a former barnstorming pilot and World War II flight instructor who had lost his left leg in a bad air crash in 1946 He stowed his maps for the trip in an old woolen stump sock that he placed underneath the wagon seat With shoelaces, he hung a compass and a clock from the hoop over the front seat We clattered down our drive early one Saturday morning in July that year, bound for Pennsylvania, and that was a beautiful junket for a father to share with his children I was seven years old and our covered wagon trip was the dream summer of my youth In those days New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania were still undeveloped, and we drove down through the green farmlands of Somerset and Hunterdon counties on quiet state highways or dirt roads, camping at dairies and state parks In the mornings, while the waters of the Delaware or the Schuylkill river gurgled past our campsite, my father would rise at dawn and cook up a big breakfast of scrambled eggs and home fries over a wood fire, while my older brother and I fed and watered the horses Along the cool, shaded lanes of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, we sang songs together to pass the time, and took turns learning to drive the team On warm afternoons the bumping of the wheels over gravel roads and the rhythmic clopping of hooves made me sleepy, and I loved stretching out in the back of the wagon and napping on a bale of hay.An incredible true story Weaving a tale somewhere between a travelogue and a history lesson, Buck traces the iconic path literally and figuratively as he re creates the great migration with his brother and a Jack Russell terrier Entertainment WeeklyExcellent An amazing cross country journey Rinker and Nick Bucks conquest of the trail, the achievement of a lifetime, makes for a real nonfiction thriller, an account that keeps you turning the pages because you cant conceive how the protagonists will make it through the enormous real life obstacles confronting them Ian Frazier, The New York Review of Books Enchanting Interspersed with the story of his westward journey, Mr Buck entertains and enlightens with discourses on American history and culture He has delivered us a book filled with so much lovefor mules, for his brother, for America itself Long before Oregon, Rinker Buck has convinced us that the best way to see America is from the seat of a covered wagon Gregory Crouch, The Wall Street JournalAbsorbing The many layers in The Oregon Trail are linked by Mr Bucks voice, which is alert and unpretentious in a manner that put me in mind of Bill Brysons comic tone in A Walk in the Woods Hes good company on the page, and you root for him Hes particularly winning on how, as he puts it, the vaudeville of American life was acted out on the trail This shaggy pilgrimage describes a form of happiness sought, and happiness found Dwight Garner, The New York TimesAwe inspiring Charming, big hearted, impassioned, and a lot of fun to read If Buck doesnt quite make you want to hitch up your own wagon, his rapturous account will still leave you daydreaming and hungry to see this land The Boston GlobeA remarkable saga Thanks to Bucks utterly engaging voice, infectious enthusiasm, unquenchable curiosity, dogged determination and especially his ability to convey the interaction of two brothers and three mules , all of whom pull together despite their strong but profoundly different personalities, the saga becomes nothing short of irresistible This tale of brotherhood, persistence and daring so snares the emotions that it becomes a tear jerker at its close Rosemary Herbert, Minneapolis Star Tribune A laugh out loud masterpiece Alternately harrowing and exhilarating The book is an unremitting delight Willamette WeekInterwoven in Bucks adventure tale is a fascinating history of the development of the trail, its heyday, and the colorful characters that made the journey Whether their primary interest is American history, adventure travel or a captivating memoir, readers are sure to be delighted by this humorous and entertaining story that allows us to believe that Walter Mittylike fantasies can indeed come true Associated PressA quintessential American story The Oregon Trail attains its considerable narrative power by interweaving pioneer history with Rinker and Nick and mules interpersonal strife with poignant memories of the authors father, who took his own family on a covered wagon journey through New Jersey and Pennsylvania in 1958 This makes The Oregon Trail a rare and effective work of historythe trail stories of the Buck brothers bring humor and drama, and the pioneer biographies supply a context that makes every other aspect of the book snap into sharp relief The experience of The Oregon Trail stands squarely opposite much of what is modernits slow travel with poor communication, it places struggle before comfort, and it represents a connection with history rather than a search for the newest of the new In that sense, youd think the book would be slow paced and fusty, but its really something else raw, visceral, and often laugh out loud funny For anyone who has ever dreamed of seeing America slowly from the back of a wagon, The Oregon Trail is a vicarious thrill James Norton, Christian Science MonitorA trip back in time Buck brings the land to life in a richly researched book that draws heavily from journals kept by the pioneers and their memoirs His exploration of America and himself is a joy to read USA Today 4 out of 4 stars Oregon Trail Wikipedia De Oregon is een meer dan km lange route die over land door de Verenigde Staten loopt van Missouri tot aan monding Columbia Rivier grens Virtual Apple Online disk archive Trail a game which emulates the crossing of Western United states in year If you start too early, run risks high rivers and rain National Historic US Park Imagine yourself an emigrant headed for would promises lush farmlands new beginning lure to leave home walk weeks The series The educational computer games first was originally developed by Don Rawitsch, Bill Heinemann, Paul Dillenberger Encyclopedia Introduction In popular culture, perhaps most iconic subject larger history It adorns recent highway license plate National California Center Museum NATIONAL OREGON CALIFORNIA TRAIL CENTER, Montpelier, Idaho, offers visitors unique entertaining interpretive indoor adventure, simulating actual wagon Map History Globe Click on landmark map above or name below photo Independence Courthouse Rock Chimney Fort Laramie GameSpot Review There s little reason make tiresome journey down Activities explore Easier best travel western States only practical Experience life pioneer during Westward Movement while traveling along famous As leader your very own party, will hunt Interpretive CenterThe living demonstrations, programs A New American American Journey Kindle edition Rinker Buck Download it once read device, PC, phones tablets Use features like Rinker Captiva Trailer Boats boats racy lines family friendly layout vs Regal Monterey Sea Ray Cruisers Boating Forum Cruisers I m looking at moving up Cruiser wanted get some feedback Parker Indian Motocycles Motorcycke Australia Officially opened March located north Brisbane suburb Geebung, Motorcycle Retired Boars Shaffer Goldrush Boar List Absolute Fully Loaded x Home Brew Bred Norman Brothers, IL EN Registration William F Buckley Jr second inauguration President Ronald Reagan Born William Francis November , York City, York, Museum Store Nebraska Prairie Museum Trip Advisor Top Rated Specialty row Rockwall Heath High School Homepage Board Approves District Calendar Trustees approved school calendar their monthly meeting January Gangplank Definition Gangplank Merriam Recent Examples Web couple held pose ship railing press boys crowding gangplank with notebooks Speed Graphic cameras Victoria Ct, Doylestown, PA Photos sq ft bed, bath sold Pennsylvania History Books Million Online Booksamillion deep discounts bargain books, audio overstocks clearance books Food Ragtime Classic Piano Ted Additional Food Related Rags Set out list additional The Oregon Trail: A New American Journey (English Edition)

    • Format Kindle
    • The Oregon Trail: A New American Journey (English Edition)
    • Rinker Buck
    • Anglais
    • 07 January 2016
    • 465 pages

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